Tag Archives: petrol

Fuel scarcity: Marketers give conditions to sell petrol at N145

Marketers give conditions to sell petrol at N145

OKECHUKWU NNODIM

The cost of petrol in the pricing template that is currently being reviewed will be determined by the rate of foreign exchange, oil marketers have said.

According to them, marketers will only import Premium Motor Spirit, popularly known as petrol, if the rate of forex is suitable enough to encourage the importation of the commodity, despite the ongoing review of template by the Federal Government.

On Friday, the Federal Government announced that it had commenced a review of the pricing template for petrol and insisted that the commodity would sell at N145 per litre.

However, oil marketers on Saturday, said the Federal Government could retain the cost of petrol at N145/litre after reviewing the pricing template, but outlined the conditions that will make this feasible for importers of petrol.

The National Vice President, Independent Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria, Abubakar Maigandi, told SUNDAY PUNCH that it was possible to review the pricing template for PMS and retain the cost of the commodity at N145/litre.

He said, “Yes, anything government says it wants to do on this issue can be considered possible because the minister had already outlined three conditions.

“The first condition has to do with regulation and the next is for the NNPC to sell at a given rate to marketers who will now add their margins, while the third is through forex (foreign exchange).

“So if the government can give forex to marketers, then automatically marketers can be able to sell at the rate of N145/litre.

“So whether the template is reviewed or not, one major factor is the issue of forex. Currently, the dollar is about N365 and if the government can make it available to marketers at a rate of about N250, then marketers will be able to sell the product at the rate of N145/litre when they import.”

The IPMAN official also stated it is expected that Nigeria’s refineries will start functioning properly in about 18 months based on what the petroleum minister said recently at the National Assembly.

Maigandi said, “We hope that in the next 18 months our refineries will be in order, because that is what the minister said recently and he (Kachikwu) also said we are expecting other refineries to come on stream, like the Dangote refinery, as well as other modular refineries.

“But the truth is that as it is now, marketers cannot import petrol because of the cost of the commodity in the international market and the high forex rate.

“So we are expecting government to tell which of the listed conditions it will adopt so that this fuel crisis will end once and for all.”

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Another oil marketer, however, wondered how the template would be reviewed to retain the cost of petrol at N145/litre, considering the price of the commodity in the international market.

This is coming as the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation on Saturday stated that the pump price of petrol was N143/litre in NNPC retail outlets and N145/litre in other filling stations, while PMS ex-depot price of N133.28k per litre to marketers was still being maintained
Source: The Punch

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We can no longer sell fuel at N145 per litre, marketers

Marketers insist petrol can’t sell for N145 per litre

Olalekan Adetayo, Abuja

Fuel marketers on Tuesday insisted that they could no longer import Premium Motor Spirit at a control price of N145 per litre.

They also said they were not responsible for the recent scarcity of the product witnessed across the country.

The Chairman of Depot and Petroleum Marketers Association of Nigeria, Dapo Abiodun, disclosed these to State House correspondents at the end of a meeting stakeholders in the oil industry had with Federal Government’s delegation led by the Chief of Staff to the President, Abba Kyari.

The meeting which was held at the Old Banquet Hall of the Presidential Villa, Abuja was also attended by the heads of the Department of State Services and the Nigeria Immigration Service as well as representatives of other paramilitary services.

Abiodun said neither the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation nor the independent marketers could be blamed for the recent fuel scarcity.
Source: The Punch

DPR seals eight petrol stations for selling at N220 per litre

DPR seals eight petrol stations for selling at N220 per litre

A fuel queue on the outskirts of Lagos

By Bassey Anthony, Uyo

The Department of Petroleum Resources (DPR), Eket field office has sealed 8 petrol filling stations for their refusal to revert to the government approved pump price of N145 per litre.
The DPR Operations Controller in Eket, Mr Tamunoiminabo Kingsley-Sundaye disclosed this to newsmen after while leading the surveillance team of the department to petrol stations across the state yesterday.
He said the eight filling stations were also sealed for various offences including diversion, and hoarding of the product.
Kingsley-Sundaye said that the filling stations sealed were located in Eket and Uyo, Local Government Areas of the state.
“The DPR surveillance team visited 25 filling stations in Eket, it was disheartening that one outlet who got product from NNPC station in Calabar, diverted the product.
“We have sanctioned those who violated government regulations and they are few who later comply and ready to reverse to government approved pump price.
“And others were selling above pump price of N220 per litre, it is unacceptable, those stations have been penalised and sealed.
Kingsley-Sundaye said that the department had begun surveillance to ensure sanity until normalcy return to the country.
He said that those filling stations sealed would be sanctioned and pay penalty to the Federal Government purse.
The Operations Controller observed that major marketers in Uyo are trying while most Independent marketers were selling above government approved pump price of N145 per litre.
Also read: Petrol pump price hits N250 per litre

He said that those stations who agreed to reverse to N145 per litre were supervised to sell their product to large extent in the areas.
Kingsley-Sundaye described the attitude of some of the marketers who refused to reverse their pump price as “impunity”.
“Surprisingly some of them show the attitude of impunity and therefore those once were been shutdown and appropriate sanction will be prescribed by DPR regulation,” Kingsley-Sundaye said.
He warned private depot owners and Independent marketers to sell their products at government regulated price, saying that there are rule and regulations guiding petroleum sector.
“Any depot who flaunt the government laws would be dealt with, everybody must respect the laws of the land,” he said.
Kingsley-Sundaye appealed to the public who buy fuel at the mega station to be orderly and behave themselves within the ambit of the law.
He called on marketers to bring evidence of buying fuel above ex- depot price from the depots so that the department would dealt with private depot owners who flout government laws.
Source: The Nation 

DPR shut down 13 filling stations in Lagos over bill tampering

​13 filling stations shut for tampering with meters
Afeez Hanafi

No fewer than 13 filling stations in Badagry , Lagos State , have been sealed for allegedly tampering with their meters in order to cheat customers .

PUNCH Metro learnt that two Total filling stations, an MRS filling station and two Energy filling stations were allegedly involved in the act .

Others are Dalco , Royal Stream , Lasbat , Ramos , JWMS , Jackos, Olubisi Obinja and NYBO filling stations.

The affected filling stations reportedly under – dispensed fuel between 0 . 4 and 1 litre in every 10 litres of petrol sold to unsuspecting members of the public .

They were sealed on Thursday by officials of the Department of Petroleum Resources backed up by operatives of the Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps, Lagos State Command .

A source told our correspondent on Sunday that the command had received reports from some customers , lamenting that the fuel sold to them at the filling stations did not commensurate with the amount they paid .

“ But because the NSCDC does not have the power to seal filling stations , the DPR was informed about what was going in the filling stations. On Thursday , two NSCDC teams gave DPR officials security back – up to the Badagry area.

“ It was discovered that 13 filling stations dispensed fuel below the standard metering . They have been sealed up and their owners have several questions to answer before the DPR , ” the source added .

A member of the team that carried out the operation told PUNCH Metro

on condition of anonymity that the stations manipulated their meters, thinking nobody would know .

“ The filling stations are on the outskirts ; so the operators were cashing in on the location to perpetrate the act , ” he said .

The state commandant of the NSCDC , Tajudeen Balogun , said the corps would continue to fight every manifestation of crime in the state and provide necessary support to sister agencies .

He said , “We got information that some filling stations were under -dispensing , which means that if you pay for 10 jerrycans of fuel, what you eventually get is about eight jerrycans . We did further investigation and confirmed that it was true . By the law , it is the DPR that normally seals up filling stations .

“ We contacted the DPR and gave them security back – up to Badagry . Two Total and Energy filling stations were sealed up . Others were Dalco MRS , Royal Stream , Lasbat, Ramos , JWMS , Jackos, Olubisi Obinja and NYBO filling stations. They have been sealed up by the DPR working in conjunction with the NSCDC . ”

The DPR Zonal Director, Mr . Wole Akinsoye , who confirmed the sealing, promised to get back to our correspondent with details of the operation .

“ The extent of the under – dispensing in those filling stations ranges from 0 . 4 to 1 per 10 litres . Any filling station that under – dispenses will be closed down because that is clear cheating , ” he added.
Source: The Punch

Mind your language: No, petrol isn’t otherwise known as “Premium Motor Spirit”

No, petrol isn’t otherwise known as “Premium Motor Spirit”


By aliyukwaifa@dailytrust.com

           

Although I have written at least two articles on the misconception in Nigerian journalistic circles that “premium motor spirit” is the proper name for petrol, scores of people keep writing to ask me to comment on the habitual practice in Nigerian news writing to identify petrol by the phrase “premium motor spirit, otherwise known as petrol.”

Clearly, many Nigerian English speakers have refused to be influenced by this peculiar Nigerian journalistic usage, which is both surprising and refreshing because language use in the mass media tends to quickly percolate into and influence usage patterns in the larger society. I have personally never come across any everyday Nigerian who refers to petrol as “premium motor spirit.” Only Nigerian journalists seem to call petrol “premium motor spirit.” So we might safely refer to the expression as part of the repertoire of Nigerian journalese, that is, an expressive style specific to Nigerian journalism.

But what is the origin of the phrase “premium motor spirit”? Why are Nigerian journalists enamored with it? And why is it a strange turn of phrase that is unintelligible to most English speakers outside Nigeria? Answers to these questions will be drawn mostly from my previous articles on the subject. But I have added fresh facts that I uncovered in the intervening period between the last time I wrote on it and now.

Usage of “Premium Motor Spirit”

Every Nigerian newspaper refers to petrol as “premium motor spirit” or PMS. In fact, “petrol” is typically represented as the alias of “premium motor spirit.” In other words, Nigerian newspapers mislead their readers into thinking that everyone in the English-speaking world recognizes “premium motor spirit” as the real name for “petrol.”

 Take, for instance, this recent lead from Premium Times, arguably Nigeria’s best-written (online) newspaper: “Premium Motor Spirit, otherwise known as petrol, is selling at N500 per litre in the black market in Kaduna State as government began enforcement of ban on sale of petroleum products in jerry cans.”

 Well, only Nigerian newspapers, and the people who are influenced by them, call petrol “premium motor spirit.” It’s an entirely meaningless phrase to native English speakers in America, Britain, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand. It also makes no sense to English speakers in India, Pakistan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and other Commonwealth countries where English is spoken as a second language.

 In 2012, I asked several of my American friends, colleagues, and students what meaning the phrase “premium motor spirit” evoked in them. They all said they had never encountered the phrase and had no clue what it meant. 

I searched the 520-million-word Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) to see if any American English speaker has ever used the term. I got no matching record. I also searched the 400-million-word Corpus of Historical American English (COHA) to find out if any American ever used the expression between 1810 and 2009.  Again, no luck. 

I thought, perhaps, the phrase would be familiar to British English speakers, so I searched the British National Corpus to see if there is any record of its use in British English. No luck, either. 

Finally, I searched the 1.9-billion-word Corpus of Global Web-Based English, which indexes English usage in 20 different English-speaking countries. I had some luck this time around. I got 53 matches. But of the 53 matches for “premium motor spirit” that turned up in the database, 49 came from Nigerian English users, 3 from Ghanaian English users, and 1 from a Kenyan newspaper. 

When I followed the link to the Ghanaian sites that used “premium motor spirit,” I found that the writers were Nigerians who were based in Ghana. The fact that Kenya is the only other country where “premium motor spirit” was used, even if only once, as an alternative name for “petrol” alerted me to the fact that the word probably has British English roots. 

Origins of “Motor Spirit”

My hunch was right. Although the term enjoys no currency in contemporary British English (as evidenced from its complete absence from the British National Corpus), it actually started life in Britain some 200 years ago. 

Carless, Capel & Leonard (now renamed Petrochem Carless Ltd), one of Britain’s first oil companies, was the first to use the term “petrol” in English, in 1870, to refer to refined petroleum products, which weren’t used to power cars at the time.

 By the 1930s when petrol became the fuel used in internal combustion engines, Carless, Capel & Leonard applied to trademark “petrol” so that the company’s competitors (who frequently used the term “motor spirit” to refer to their product) won’t be able to call their product “petrol.” But the application was denied because the use of “petrol” to refer to refined petroleum products, derived from the French petrole (ultimately from Medieval Latin petroleum, which literally means “rock oil,” from the Latin petra, which means rock or stone, and oleum, which means oil.) had become widespread by the 1930s in Britain. 

With the denial of Carless, Capel & Leonard’s application to trademark “petrol,” other British companies that had referred to their product as “motor spirit” freely adopted “petrol” as the name of choice for their product, and “motor spirit” fell into disuse.  

“Premium” wasn’t an invariable lexical component of the name. The “premium” in the name refers to the grade of the product. There are three major grades of petrol in the UK: ordinary unleaded, premium or super unleaded, and leaded four star. In the US, petrol, which is called gasoline or gas, has the following grades: Regular, Mid-grade or Plus, and Premium. Saudi Arabia has “premium” and “super premium” grades of petrol. Many other countries have several names for different grades of petrol.

So “premium” is one of at least three adjectives that could modify “motor spirit” when “motor spirit” enjoyed currency in Britain. There could conceivably have existed “ordinary unleaded motor spirit” or “leaded four star motor spirit”-or whatever names existed at the time for grades of motor spirit in Britain.

In other words, calling petrol “premium motor spirit” is the same thing as calling petrol “premium petrol” now, even though there are other grades of the product. Interestingly, Nigeria is one of only a few countries in the world where petrol is ungraded. Maybe that is why our journalists assume that every petrol is of a premium grade and therefore call petrol “premium motor spirit” (never mind that “motor spirit” is obsolete).

Premium Motor Spirit a Scientific Name?

A few people have asked me if “premium motor spirit” is perhaps the scientific name for petrol since Nigerian oil industry experts, including academic researchers in petroleum studies, liberally use it.  No, it’s not. There isn’t one specific scientific name for petrol. 

As I said earlier, “motor spirit” is the archaic British English name for petrol, and “premium” indicates the grade of the “motor spirit.” Today, most British speakers have no idea what “motor spirit” means, and would be even more puzzled by the permanent modification of the term with “premium.”

It’s mystifying that Nigerian journalists-and academics- are the only people still wedded to a phrase that died in Britain in the 1930s.

Note that different countries have different names for petrol. Most people know that Americans and Canadians call it gasoline- or gas for shot. Germans and people who are influenced by German linguistic traditions call it “benzin,” which is derived from “benzene,” a constituent part of petrol. The French from whom the British borrowed “petrol,” now call it “essence.” Spanish-speaking people call it “gasolina.” 

I also find it intriguing that Nigerians use the American English “kerosene” instead of the British English “paraffin” as the term of choice for lamp oil.

Maybe Nigeria should formally adopt “motor spirit” as its national name for petrol. After all, petrol is the “spirit” that moves “motors,” which is the alternative name for vehicles in British and Nigerian English. 

Source: Daily Trust