Bailout funds diversion: Seven governors linked with N19b bank account

Seven governors linked with N19b bank account

EFCC tracks N388.3b London-Paris Club refunds

Consultants ‘got 2%’

Governors ‘shared 3%’

Seven governors have questions to answer in the alleged diversion of part of the N388.304billion London-Paris Club refunds into two accounts opened by the Nigeria Governors Forum (NGF), The Nation has learnt.

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) has uncovered N19billion in one of the accounts. The other is a domiciliary account, which contains a yet unspecified amount of money.

One of those invited for interrogation has admitted handing over a huge sum of money to a principal officer of the National Assembly after changing it into dollars, according to the preliminary report on the management of the refunds.

According to a source, who pleaded not to be named because he is not permitted to talk to the media, EFCC detectives discovered that while about 2% of the funds was paid to consultants who allegedly assisted in computing what was due to each state, 3% was shared by some governors under “curious circumstances”.

The source said: “The detectives have uncovered the two accounts opened in the name of the NGF and the signatories to same.

“We are looking into circumstances behind such huge deposits from London-Paris Club refunds into these accounts.

“The payment of 2% of the refunds to consultants and 3% to some governors which was rated as “curious” by investigators have been confirmed. We also discovered that some of the governors nominated these consultants.”

The source declined to name the seven governors, stressing that the details will be released as soon as the investigation is concluded.

Responding to a question, the source said one of those questioned actually admitted that he changed some of the funds into dollars and handed it over to a principal officer of the National Assembly.

Besides, he insisted that the EFCC had no any agenda against the governors, adding: “It has no basis to run the NGF down at all, but you should know that the Presidency is interested in how these London-Paris Club refunds were spent.

“We know the governors have immunity, but certainly NGF does not enjoy such constitutional protection. We are looking at what informed the transfer of such funds into the accounts of the NGF and for what purposes.

“Once the purposes are in line with statutory financial regulations and the EFCC is satisfied, the case is closed. But where there are cases of diversion and stealing of public funds, the law will take its course.”

The Federal Government released N388.304billion of the N522.74 billion funds to 35 states as refunds of overdeductions on London-Paris Club loans.

States on top of the list with huge reimbursements are those controlled by the opposition Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) contrary to their claims of being oppressed by the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari.

The big earners are Akwa Ibom, Bayelsa, Rivers, Delta, Katsina, Kaduna, Lagos, Imo, Jigawa, Borno, Niger, Bauchi,and Benue.

Only Kano State and the FCT did not benefit from the reimbursement.

Ondo was only paid 50 per cent of its refunds (N6,513,392,932.28) because of leadership change in the state which will soon lead to the inauguration of the Governor-elect, Mr Rotimi Akeredolu.

A breakdown of the list of top beneficiaries of the refunds is as follows: Akwa Ibom – N14,500,000,000.00; Bayelsa – N14,500,000,000.00; Delta—N14,500,000,000.00; Katsina -N14,500,000,000.00; Lagos – N14,500,000,000.00; Rivers

-N14,500,000,000.00; Kaduna – N14,362,416,363.24; Borno-N13,654,138,849.49; Bauchi – N12,792,664,403.93; Benue – N12,749,689,453.61; Sokoto—N11,980,499,096.97; Osun– N11,744,237,793.56; Anambra– N11,386,281,466.35; Edo– N11,329,495,462.04; Cross River – N11,300,139,741.28; Kogi – N11,211,573,328.19; and Kebbi – N11,118,149,054.10.

The Federal Government reached a conditional agreement to pay 25% of the amounts claimed, subject to a cap of N14.5 billion to any given state.

Balances due thereafter will be revisited when fiscal conditions improve.

“Mr. President’s overriding concern is for the welfare of the Nigerian people. considering the fact that many States are owing salaries and pension, causing considerable hardship,” the government said.

THE NATION had exclusively reported that the presidency was uncomfortable with the funds management by governors.

A source in the Presidency, who spoke in confidence, said: “President Muhammadu Buhari has lived up to his pledge to ease salary crises in all the states by releasing N388.304billion to 35 states.

“The agreement between the Federal Government and the governors was very clear. While 50 per cent of the amount released shall be used to offset outstanding salary and pension arrears, the remaining 50 per cent would be used for the payment of other obligations.

“Some governors have however reneged on this agreement. Security reports available to the Presidency showed that Governor Ayodele Fayose paid only one month out of eight-month salary arrears.

“The governor went ahead to pay a curious 13-month salary to Ekiti workers. Yet, he got N8.877billion refund.

“Instead of accounting for what he used the loan refund for, he attacked the Federal Government on hardship in the country. The relevant agencies are monitoring development in Ekiti and some states.”

Responding to a question, another source in government said: “It is however unfortunate that some governors underdeclared the refunds made to them. Some of them were also discovered to be giving spurious analysis to cover up the actual figures.

“In fact, some states changed the agreement overnight. A state said the President asked states to use at least 25 per cent of their London and Paris Club refund to offset salary arrears.
Source: The Natioñ


How I robbed 35 persons at ATM point, arrested serial robber

​Police Nab Serial ATM Robber

By Chiemelie Ezeobi

A serial ATM armed robber, Gbenga Babatunde, was yesterday arrested by operatives of Rapid Response Squad (RRS) of the Lagos State Police Command, for targeting ATM users and robbing them.

The 35-year-old, has since confessed to have robbed about 35 ATM users in Alaba Rago Market, Ojo area of Lagos before his arrest.

The suspect was finally arrested after a failed bid to rob a lady who withdrew an unspecified amount of money around 5:48a.m. at an ATM point in Alaba Rago Market.

After the operatives, who were on routine patrol in the area gave the robber a chase, he was arrested and a cut-to-size locally made short gun with two life cartridges were recovered from him.

It was gathered that the suspect, was not operating alone, as he had an accomplice, one Samson Baba Ramadan, 28, who managed to escape after the botched operation.

Upon his arrival at the RRS’s Headquarters in Alausa, the suspect who owned up to the crime, said that his accomplice, now on the run, introduced him to the life of crime.

He said: “I have been in crime since I met my colleague, Samson Baba Ramadan. I met him at Field Joint, Alaba, two years ago and since then we have been working together.

“We have robbed about 35 people together. Our modus operandi is that by 4a.m, we would have gotten to the ATM centre and then hide inside the shop that is not open beside the ATM point.

“As soon as the customer collects the money, we accost them and collect the money and escape. The last money we collected was N40, 000. Yesterday, we collected N12, 500.

“We have always been successful until this morning when we wanted to collect money from a lady but she ran away.

“We thought she had gone, not knowing that she went to inform RRS operatives. This was around 5a.m. They pursued us and arrested me but my partner escaped.”

Also recovered from the suspect were a First Bank mastercard belonging to one Iweka Christopher Uchenna and a Diamond Bank debit card owned by Nkechi Esther Idoko.

The state police spokesperson, Dolapo Badmos, who confirmed the arrest, said the state command would leave no stone unturned towards ensuring that suspected criminals are brought to justice.

The case has been transferred to State Criminal Investigation Department (SCID), Panti, Yaba, for further investigation and prosecution.
Source: ThisDay

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​News Headlines Feb 20,  2017. Headlines from Nigeria’s major newspapers

​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​News Headlines Feb 20,  2017. Headlines from Nigeria’s major newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo 

The Punch

Corruption cases: FG to sack five SANs as prosecutors
Ex-gov Aliyu receives Sheriff in Minna, both meet ex-dictator
FG to convert new VP residence to other use
Niger Delta: Buhari drops military option, favours dialogue
FG orders missions to probe attacks on Nigerians in S’Africa
Fire guts Lagos plastic company
NBBF AGM: B’ball stakeholders petition Dalung
Inter Milan goal thrills Gabigol
Greensprings Kanu camp begins
NBA Africa Game returns to S’Africa
Recession: Telcos may block Skype, WhatsApp calls, target N20tn revenue
Yakubu asks court to set aside forfeiture order on seized N3bn
Bayelsa gov’s brother causes trader’s detention over N1m rice
Fire guts Lagos plastic company
IBEDC promises Ogun community improved power supply
‘We laid siege to ATM points to rob people’
Pregnant woman drowns as car plunges into lagoon
Hoodlums kill gang member over sharing of loot
Impunity must stop in PDP — Sango
I never thought I would give birth at home — Olu-Philips
NBBF AGM: B’ball stakeholders petition Dalung
Greensprings Kanu camp begins
NBA Africa Game returns to S’Africa
NPA Polo: Leighton win Open Cup
IfeanyiUbah FC crash out of Confederation Cup
Five reasons why banks won’t honour your cheque
PenCom seeks N10.03bn to pay minimum pension
Explore REIT prospects, NSE urges players
Jubilee-Life unveils rent-to-own for business owners
Nine benefits of using screen protectors on smartphones
Considerations when buying a screen protector
Editorial: Toxic influence of money on Nigerian elections
$500m Eurobond: For whose benefit?
Labour, budgeting and climate change (1)
Shinkafi: Good night to a silent benefactor
Trump: Nigerians and the American dream


FG to Decide What to Do with New Official Residence for…
Osinbajo says Aguda House good enough for him
Shettima Meets Heads of Security Agencies over Resurgence of Boko Haram…
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Spent $250m on Nigeria’s Health, Education…
Cross River Frustrated with FG over 260km Super Highway
UNILAG Alumni Seek Support for Annual Concert
New Ondo Monarch Gets Staff of Office
UNICAL Ex-Bursar Planning ‘Sponsored Protest’ against School Authority, Group Alleges
Five Dead as Lagos, Ogun Battle 50 Emergencies in Three Days
Police Nab Serial ATM Robber
Kwara Police Record Breakthroughs
19 Nigerian Academics Conduct Research in Shell Sabbatical Programme
Lalong’s Deputy Chief of Staff Slumps, Dies
Gombe LG Polls: APC Put Aside Differences, Strategises Towards Victory
C’River Dares FG over 260km Super Highway
Army Refutes Alleged Disparity in Payment of Troops
Fashola: We Must Change Current N’ Delta Narrative
Algorithm Media Announces Partnership with GroupM
50 Senators Brainstorm in A’Ibom on Problems Facing Petroleum Sector
Goodie Ibru Retires from Ikeja Hotels
Seplat Boss Throws Weight behind Sale of National Assets
#BreakFree Flashmob Surprises Shoppers at Ikeja Mall
Epe Farmers Raise the Alarm over Incessant Kidnapping
Fitch Affirms Three UBA Subsidiaries’ Ratings at ‘B-‘
Wigwe, Terraz Appointed Co-chairs of NiBUCAA
PDP will Win 2018 Ekiti Gov Poll Despite Party’s Crisis, Fayose…
Anyaoku: Wike Deserves The Sun Award
Bello: Why I’m Aiding the Physically Challenged
2017 NPA LAGOS POLO: Leighton Kings Emerge Open Cup Champions
Super Eagles to Play Senegal, Burkina Faso in London
Beko Ransome and the Right to Healthcare

The Nation

Seven governors linked with N19b bank account
Ex-NNPC GMD Yakubu seeks to recover seized $9.7m
Fire razes plastic factory
Fed Govt to decide on VP’s residence, says Presidency
PDP leaders in verbal exchange as IBB urges caution
16 Ibru siblings in property, paternity battle
Fed Govt owes 105, 920 retirees N705b, says PenCom
Goodie Ibru resigns as Ikeja Hotels Plc chairman
Thanksgiving and thanksgiver
Between Shettima and Sheriff
Caveat exemptor
NECA cautions FIRS against Stamp Duty Act
James Bond set to light up M-Net
Ford GT unveiled with digital instrument
Mercedes-Benz introduces E-Class
E-Insurance conference to hold in Lagos
‘Enugu expresses concern on shortfall of water to city centres’
Defection: Lagos lawmakers disagree
Court slams N20m damage against police for assaulting lawyer
Doctors without border opens feeding centre in Maiduguri
Corps orders 100,000 uniforms from factory 
Doctors sue FMC Umuahia CMD
Labour minister to Nigerians: improve productivity
UCH gets infusion clinic
Pension law: Govt, Labour bicker
Kukah, Soludo, Duke for forum
AEDC launches business process reform project
Rector warns students against participating in MMM, other Ponzi schemes
Coyle backs Hope Akpan against extended ban
AHEAD OF NIGERIA SHOWDOWN: Cameroon to meet Tunisia March 24
I like to coach Bafana Bafana – Siasia
Plateau Utd extend lead to five points
Lagos State to renovate National Stadium Surulere
Bosso relishes win at Warriors
Show More
Banky W to bless lucky fan with Dubai trip
9ice signs new deal with TMC
More accolades for 93 Days
Cruise & Chillz 3 launches Ntertane App
Icon returns with Emergency
Timi Dakolo features family in new video
EDITORIAL: Averting the next bailout
•The problem is not funds per se; government must make the business environment friendly
Staggering statistics
Whistle-blowers’ pie
E-Insurance conference to hold in Lagos
No guarantee on equities, Stock Exchange warns brokers
NLC to minister: no work no pay policy is illegal
SA Insurance, Standard Life merge
Council seeks input to budget
Youths’ involvement in crime fighting advocated
Obaseki explores tourism potential of Amarho waterside
Five die, properties gone in over 50 emergencies


Pellegrini: I’ll Love To Work With Iheanacho Again
Boko Haram Attacks: Shettima, Security Chiefs Parley, Adopt New Tactics
Nat’l Housing Programme: Fashola Urges Rivers To Waive N630m Land Compensation
Superhighway: C-River Gives FG Two Weeks Ultimatum On EIA
Workers’ Strike: Lawmakers Hold Public Hearing Outside Assembly Complex
Stock Market Continues To Bleed As 25 Equities Record Price Losses
Cameroon Line Up Carthage Eagles Friendly
City Step Up £100m Messi Bid
Why Electricity Sector Is Challenged Now – Eko Disco Boss
Motorists Groan As Contractors Abandon Third Mainland Bridge
2017 NPA Lagos Int’l Polo Tournament: Leighton Kings Win Oba Of Lagos Cup
In Search Of Appropriate Legislation For Nigeria’s Payment System
N3bn loot: Give me back my money, Yakubu tells court
PDP: Ali Modu Sheriff takes charge, warns critics to ‘respect themselves’
Pellegrini: I’ll love to work with Iheanacho again
Cameroon line up Carthage Eagles friendly
2017 NPA Lagos Int’l Polo Tournament: Leighton Kings win Oba of Lagos Cup
Lagos State to renovate National Stadium
Chelsea gets Man United in FA Cup Q-Final
Why SGF cannot remain as SGF — Urhoghide
Why we cannot politicise Buhari’s health — Ganduje
We must consolidate on Ibori’s legacies – Okowa
Fayose says FG’s plan to ban Okada wicked
Turning 93, Zimbabwe’s Mugabe rules out retirement
El-Rufai more guilty of incitement than Audu Maikori – Reno
Denrele replaces Dbanj for second season of “Lip sync battle Africa
#BBNaija: Gifty gets evicted


 Why Fraud Thrives In Nigeria – Expert
 PDP: Only Misguided, Naive People Will Work With Sheriff – Fani-Kayode
 NCPC Boss Condoles With Family Of Late Staff
 Stop Enrolment Of Children Below 6 Years In Schools, Proprietor Urges NASS
 Delta: Pro-Biafra Agitators Advocate Non-violence Approach In Their Struggle
 APC Chieftain Predicts Imminent Power Shift In South-East
Makarfi And Battle For Soul Of PDP Corruption: Dissecting FG’s Whistleblower Policy
CAF CC: Rangers, Rivers Utd Progress, Wikki Crashes Out
 Reconciliation In APC: The Place Of Bukola Saraki
Seven Financing Programmes
Top Juniors Set For CBN Junior Tennis Championship
Lagos State To Renovate National Stadium Surulere
Delta: Pro-Biafra Agitators Advocate Non-violence Approach In Their Struggle
 The Insensitivity Of Nigeria’s Power Kids
 Again, PMB, Saraki Meet In London
EDITORIAL: That Diezani’s N34bn Scam

The Sun

PDP: Makarfi, Sheriff prepare for epic battle
Corruption: How I foiled N.6b fraud –Ogbeh
FG, govs meet over $4.5bn Chinese loan
Buhari is long distance runner –Presidency
Fire devastates Lagos community, plastic firm
•Property, goods worth hundreds of millions of naira in ruins as Okobaba sawmill, Oshodi factory go
Pro-Trump rally: Army warns IPOB over false claims
PDP crisis’ll be resolved before 2019 –Wike
$9.7m loot: Ex-NNPC MD,  Yakubu heads to court 
… Wants forfeited money returned
PIB: Senators to override Buhari
•Recommend transfer of regulatory powers in oil, gas sector to new commission
The Sun awards: Wike wants states as federating units
Buhari’s letters, 2017 budget, others top senators’ agenda on resumption
FG, govs meet over $4.5bn Chinese loan
Buhari is long distance runner –Presidency
8-month-old baby, 4 others die as lunatic sets family house ablaze
Aso Rock cabal: Count me out –El-Rufai
China-Nigeria’s trade volume declining very fast –Chinese Ambassador
NECA rues FIRS enforcement of N50 stamp duties
Earn mega profit with party rentals business
Nigeria can rake in N20trn from industrial cassava
Lagos State to renovate national stadium
El-Kanemi shocks Abia Warriors in Umuahia
NFF secures friendlies against Senegal, Burkina Faso
Why Buhari should consider people-focused policies –Oshinowo, NECA DG
Nigeria’s capital market stinks as brokers, investment managers fleece investors
…Regulators watch helplessly
Kerosene price rises by 93%
…As aviation fuel hits N260 per litre
OGFZA to license new oil & gas free zone in Delta
CBN boosts forex supply to narrow market gap
EDITORIAL: CBN and the campaign against naira abuse


Appeal court verdict: PDP leaders disagree on way forward ‘Party will bounce back’ •A/Ibom PDP rejects Sheriff
Man wrongly jailed 24 years for murder freed
Ooni hosts Ogoga Ikere, urges community to support him
Stop further drilling, Delta community warns NPDC •We are not aware of their demands —NPDC
How to make money selling farm produce
EDITORIAL: National Assembly’s unannounced approval of Eurobond loan
One thing the North needs to excel
Ogun govt, stop this extortion
On Ondo’s slot in NDDC board
NSCDC arrest 3 herbal medicine vendors who disguise as employers in Borno
Woman arrested for burning 8-yr-old over piece of meat
When teachers become predators
Biafra: Nigerian Army warns against blackmail, spurious allegations
Presidency orders Gbaramatu’s Golden Sword returned with apology
Iree Baptist High School old students refurbish lab to mark 40th anniversary
Nigeria needs leaders with strong character – Osinbajo
Amosun wins Sun Man of the Year
Insurgency: Yoruba youths, CSOs laud military, Buratai’s transparency
Support for Buhari won’t be in vain, Presidency pleads with Nigerians
Kwara House lauds Ahmed on community health
Sheriff faces stiff hurdles as judgment nullifying his election stays
We have robbed 35 ATM users — 25 yrs old suspect
Buratai urges soldiers to sustain peace as army celebrates WASA in Lagos
9 truths about innovation
Those already selling JAMB forms are ‘419’ —JAMB registrar
Buhari govt not sincere with Nigerians —Olu Alabi
Galaxy of stars as Mimiko launches biography
It will be difficult for PDP brand to win any election in 2019 —Okupe
A Nigerian’s musings on Mugabe at 93
The killing culture of silence

Daily Trust

SERAP issues ultimatum over Paris Club loan
NYCN appoints acting president
Security operation burst baby factory in Jos
Resurgence of attacks: Shettima meets heads of security agencies
108 ex-govs gulp billions in pension
Ex-NNPC boss, Yakubu seeks return of forfeited $9.8m
Nigeria needs visionary leaders –Osinbajo
Makarfi, PDP govs meet to tackle Sheriff
…Sheriff with IBB in Minna
Buhari’s corruption fight not a witch-hunt -Anyim
Naira depreciation: How stock exchange shrinks by $15bn
Aviation fuel shoots to N280/litre
CBN approves N375/$1 as PTA/BTA for banks
Lottery Commission generates N6bn revenue
NPA is committed to FG’s 25 year port master – Usman
Biyombo, Macollum, Mudiay for second NBA Game in Africa
Plateau extend NPFL lead
Abuja gears up for CCSF Prix series
Fire razes six shops in Abaji
Driver abandons vehicle after hitting FRSC officer
AMAC to enforce ban on liquor sale to minors
Seeing Sabon Tasha in new light
As Ibori stirs Buhari’s tea
Re: 36 Jigawa communities lose farms to Chinese plantation
Revisit the 2014 National Conference Report
Issa Aremu, mni
Memo to the tribalist
Wole Olaoye
Editorial: Fish out the soldier’s killers
SEEFOR to train 250 Delta youths in hybrid tomatoe farming

Hidden dangers of sex-enhancing drugs

Hidden dangers of sex-enhancing drugs

In medical world, sex-enhancing drugs are known as aphrodisiacs. They are foods, drinks, or other things that stimulate sexual desire.

Aphrodisiacs are commonplace, and they can be purchased in any standard pharmacy. However, what many people don’t know is that sex-enhancing drugs can send them to the great beyond, as was the case of a middle-aged man, simply identified as Samson.

Samson was found dead in a hotel room at Ugboroke in Uvwie Local Government Area of Delta State after allegedly taking an overdose of sex-enhancing drug. Even in death, his penis was still standing erect!

What went wrong? Let experts tell us!

Liver & kidney damage

According to the authorities at the National Agency for Food and Drug Administration and Control, aphrodisiacs have chemical substances that are dangerous to the body’s vital organs such as liver or kidney. Once damaged, these organs can be difficult to repair, and death may result.

Other side effects of aphrodisiacs include stuffy nose, headaches, stomach pain, upset stomach, nausea, diarrhoea, memory problems, back pain, an inability to differentiate between the colours green and blue, loss of hearing, ringing in the ears, and dizziness.


A former NAFDAC Director-General, Dr. Paul Orhii, notes that while aphrodisiacs truly intensify and prolong sexual performance because of increased blood flow to the genitals, it could also result in hypotension — that is a drop in blood pressure. When blood pressure drops, physicians say it is even more dangerous than hypertension, as it takes quite a lot of efforts to restore it to normal level.

Risks of stroke, infertility, etc.

Experts warn that if you love to use sex-enhancing drugs, you risk non-communicable diseases such as stroke, cancer, and liver cirrhosis.

Other side effects include the development of fewer red blood cells (anaemia), which may ultimately result in dizziness, severe headaches and unconsciousness.

Your prostate gland may also become enlarged, making it difficult for you to urinate.

Regular use of aphrodisiacs may also lead to infertility, and you may be unable to father a child of your own.

Allergic reactions

Sometimes, users of aphrodisiacs may suffer allergic reactions such as irregular heartbeats, loss of vision, hives, difficulty breathing, swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Loss of sex drive

Another frustrating thing about aphrodisiacs is that, in the long run, they do the exact opposites of what you want them to do! One of such is that they decrease your ability to get erection naturally; and even after prolonged use, your body gets used to it, such that it’s no longer effective. That’s the time people resort to higher dosage, which may lead to death!

Drug interactions

Sex-enhancing drugs may interact badly with other drugs you may be taking! And that’s why you don’t take any drug — including aphrodisiacs — without doctor’s prescription.

For instance, physicians warn that you may not take aphrodisiacs if you are using antibiotics, antifungals, high blood pressure drugs, drugs for prostate disorder, heart or blood pressure medications, hepatitis C medications, or HIV/AIDS medicines.

In case of emergency

During sexual activity, if you become dizzy or nauseated, or have pain, numbness, or tingling in your chest, arms, neck, or jaw, stop and go see the doctor right away!

Source: The Punch

Factors in woman infertility

Factors in woman infertility

​A woman has a very important part to play in conception. The great role cannot be over emphasized.

The emotions begin to run high even when there is nothing visibly wrong. The woman”s body is the ultimate destination, the incubator that eventually carriers the foetus, and carries to term , in readiness for birthing or delivery.

The composition of the womans body is a complicated as can be simple. The eggs you produce must be of good quality and quantity, your hormones must be at the correct level, your body should be ready to produce, and receive the resulting embryos from the fertilization, from the fusion of the eggs and sperms. The rest is history.

The most common causes of female infertility include problems with ovulation, damage to fallopian tubes or uterus, or problems with the cervix. Age can contribute to infertility because as a woman ages, her fertility naturally tends to decrease. Infertility is not hereditary. However, there are medical conditions that are hereditary which may interfere with your ability to get pregnant. Such conditions are polycystic ovarian syndrome, endometriosis and thyroid/hormone disorders.

The main symptom of infertility is the inability to get pregnant. A menstrual cycle that’s too long (35 days or more), too short (less than 21 days), irregular or absent can mean that you’re not ovulating. There may be no other outward signs or symptoms.

Possible causes

• Conditions affecting a woman’s fertility can include:

• damage to the fallopian tubes

• ovulatory problems

• endometriosis

• conditions affecting the uterus

• a combination of factors

• no identifiable reason.

• Other factors that may play a part include:

• age – female fertility declines sharply after the age of 35

• Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

• gynaecological problems such as previous ectopic pregnancy or having had more than one miscarriage

• medical conditions such as diabetes, epilepsy, and thyroid and bowel diseases

• lifestyle factors such as stress, being overweight or underweight, and smoking.

seek help sometimes depends on your age.

To get pregnant you need to

• You need to ovulate. To get pregnant, your ovaries must produce and release an egg, a process known as ovulation. Your doctor can help evaluate your menstrual cycles and confirm ovulation.

• Your partner needs sperm. For most couples, this isn’t a problem unless your partner has a history of illness or surgery. Your doctor can run some simple tests to evaluate the health of your partner’s sperm.

• You need to have regular intercourse. You need to have regular sexual intercourse during your fertile time. Your doctor can help you better understand when you’re most fertile.

• You need to have open fallopian tubes and a normal uterus. The egg and sperm meet in the fallopian tubes, and the embryo needs a healthy uterus in which to grow.

• For pregnancy to occur, every step of the human reproduction process has to happen correctly. The steps in this process are:

• One of the two ovaries releases a mature egg.

• The egg is picked up by the fallopian tube.

• Sperm swim up the cervix, through the uterus and into the fallopian tube to reach the egg for fertilization.

• The fertilized egg travels down the fallopian tube to the uterus.

• The fertilized egg implants and grows in the uterus.

Seek help

Up to age 35, most doctors recommend trying to get pregnant for at least a year before testing or treatment.

If you’re between 35 and 40, discuss your concerns with your doctor after six months of trying.

If you’re older than 40, your doctor may want to begin testing or treatment right away.

Your doctor may also want to begin testing or treatment right away if you or your partner has known fertility problems, or if you have a history of irregular or painful periods, pelvic inflammatory disease, repeated miscarriages, prior cancer treatment, or endometriosis.


Fertility tests may include:

Ovulation testing. An at-home, over-the-counter ovulation prediction kit detects the surge in luteinizing hormone (LH) that occurs before ovulation. A blood test for progesterone — a hormone produced after ovulation — can also document that you’re ovulating. Other hormone levels, such as prolactin, also may be checked.

Hysterosalpingography {HSG}. During HSG. X-ray contrast is injected into your uterus and an X-ray is taken to detect abnormalities in the uterine cavity. The test also determines whether the fluid passes out of the uterus and spills out of your fallopian tubes. If abnormalities are found, you’ll likely need further evaluation. In a few women, the test itself can improve fertility, possibly by flushing out and opening the fallopian tubes.

Ovarian reserve testing. This testing helps determine the quality and quantity of eggs available for ovulation. Women at risk of a depleted egg supply — including women older than 35 — may have this series of blood and imaging tests.

Other hormone testing. Other hormone tests check levels of ovulatory hormones as well as thyroid and pituitary hormones that control reproductive processes.

Imaging tests. A pelvic ultrasound looks for uterine or fallopian tube disease. Sometimes a hysterosonography (his-tur-o-suh-NOG-ruh-fee) is used to see details inside the uterus that can’t be seen on a regular ultrasound.

Other imaging tests. Depending on your symptoms, your doctor may request a hysteroscopy to look for uterine or fallopian tube disease.

Laparoscopy. This minimally invasive surgery involves making a small incision beneath your navel and inserting a thin viewing device to examine your fallopian tubes, ovaries and uterus. A laparoscopy may identify endometriosis, scarring, blockages or irregularities of the fallopian tubes, and problems with the ovaries and uterus.

Genetic testing. Genetic testing helps determine whether there’s a genetic defect causing infertility.

What you can do to increase your chances

Both men and women can make lifestyle changes that may increase their chances of conceiving:

• Eat healthily

• A healthy lifestyle can improve your fertility successA balanced diet will help ensure your body is healthy enough to become pregnant and nourish a developing baby.

• A healthy diet can also help to keep sperm production at optimum levels. Being under- or overweight can make you less likely to become pregnant, so making changes to your diet can help to improve your chances.

• It is recommended that all women trying for a baby should take 400mcg of folic acid a day to help prevent conditions such as spina bifida in your child.

• Exercise regularly

• Regular, moderate exercise of around 30 minutes a day helps to maximise your fitness and keep your weight in check.

• It also boosts levels of endorphins, the body’s own ‘happy hormones’, which may help to reduce stress. Some people find relaxation techniques or complementary therapies also help them relax.

• Drink wisely

• Women who are trying to become pregnant should drink no more than one or two units of alcohol once or twice per week. Men should stick within the Department of Health’s recommended daily limit of three to four units. Drinking too much can have a negative impact on semen quality and can harm a developing fetus.

• Medication and drugs

• Some prescription medication can lessen your changes of conceiving, so if you are taking regular medication and trying for a baby, talk to your GP about alternatives that might be more appropriate.

• Some prescription drugs can reduce your chances of conceiving, so if you are taking regular medication, ask your GP about suitable alternatives. All recreational drugs should be completely avoided.

• Smoking has been linked to infertility, Quit smoking,

• Smoking has been linked to infertility and early menopause in women, and to sperm problems in men. It is also a factor in premature or low birth-weight babies.

• Quitting smoking may help to improve your chances of conceiving and having a healthy baby.


The specialist you are seeing would advise on best possible line of treatment. Every one should have individualized treatment. Tailored for you. Fertility stimulatory drugs may be used, and others treatment techniques that suits your own situation. Always have an informed choice. Be bold to ask questions, after all it is your body.

Reproductive Intervention

The most commonly used methods of reproductive assistance include:

a. medical treatment for lack of regular ovulation

b. surgical procedures – such as treatment for endometriosis

c. assisted conception – which may be intrauterine insemination (IUI) or in-vitro fertilisation (IVF)

The treatment offered will depend on what is causing your fertility problems

• Intrauterine insemination (IUI). During IUI, millions of healthy sperm are placed inside the uterus close to the time of ovulation.

Assisted reproductive technology. This involves retrieving mature eggs from a woman, fertilizing them with a man’s sperm in a dish in a lab, then transferring the embryos into the uterus after fertilization. IVF is the most effective assisted reproductive technology. An IVF cycle takes several weeks and requires frequent blood tests and daily hormone injections.
Source: ThisDay

​Tackling Syphilis

​Tackling Syphilis

Dr . Sylvester Ikhisemojie

There is nothing esoteric about this disease . It is an old condition that men primarily have suffered from for many centuries. Women have also had their fair share of the disease because it is sexually transmitted and highly contagious. So whether it is oral sex , anal sex or vaginal penetration that is involved , all of the receptacles are at risk of getting invaded by the bacteria once such contact has been made . Therefore, the mouth, lips , anus and genital regions of people of either sex are usually involved .

For many years after the discovery of penicillin , this disease seemed to be in decline. However , in the wake of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, it has assumed an increased significance in sub – Saharan Africa , in particular , because of the rising incidence of co -infection with that disease . The rates appear to be on the rise elsewhere in the world and even in the high -income countries that had seen significant declines in overall numbers for several decades , an increase in the incident numbers has also been seen .

Today , more than 10 million people around the world are estimated to be suffering from syphilis. The disease is caused by a tiny bacterium called Treponema pallidum . The first sign of the disease is a small , painless sore or ulcer called a Chancre that can appear in the mouth , rectum or on any of the sexual organs . And because it causes no pain, many people fail to observe its presence when it appears . It is primarily because of this failure to observe it that syphilis can be a very challenging condition to diagnose. As a result, it is entirely possible to have the infection and not show any features of the disease for many years . When this disease is noted early and treated properly , resolution is the normal result. If it is not , it can ultimately lead to blindness, stroke , dementia and deafness.

Syphilis has four major stages in the body before it degenerates to cause any of the terminal events mentioned above . These are the primary , secondary, latent phase and tertiary stages of the disease . In the primary stage, a person who has recently become infected with the bacteria develops a chancre as described above . It is usually one in number , small , round and firm. It usually lasts for about three to six weeks before disappearing on its own with or without treatment . When no treatment has been received , this stage then gives rise to a secondary stage of the disease . During this phase , rashes appear all over the body that may resemble other skin rashes seen in other disease conditions. They also appear on the palms and soles of the feet which help to distinguish it from other rashes seen in other conditions. In virtually all of them, rashes would not appear on such surfaces . The rashes also do not itch , which is another significant difference from other common skin conditions. In this stage also, the infection has spread all over the body and there may now be fever , weight loss, muscle pains , fatigue , sore throat and loss of body hair. There may also be enlargement of the various lymph nodes and headaches. Eventually , these features will subside even without treatment . The disease then will progress to the tertiary phase , but this stage is reached in less than 30 per cent of untreated people who suffer secondary syphilis. This period – the latent stage – before the tertiary stage of the disease develops can last 10 to 20 years .

Several organs within the body can be damaged during this critical phase of the illness. The brain , nerves , eyes , blood vessels , heart , liver, bones and joints can all be damaged . Paralysis and difficulties with movement can result . Gradual loss of vision , numbness and personality changes can also follow, not to mention death from any combination of the above complications . Untreated syphilis in pregnant women will often result in the bacteria being able to cross the placenta to the unborn baby and will cause as many as 40 per cent of all such babies to either die in the womb or soon after birth . As a result of this information , it is mandatory that all women attending the antenatal clinic for the first time should be tested for syphilis.

The diagnosis of this condition was already difficult enough ; its latter association with HIV/AIDS has made that task a lot more difficult . However , if efforts to treat the condition do not continue, in a manner backed up with a robust sense of suspicion, it may yet reach epidemic proportions once again . Current tests such as the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory are useful but may be misleading in that false positive results can sometimes be obtained. More specific tests involve the use of blood to determine if there is a current or past infection. This is confirmed when antibodies to the bacteria causing syphilis are present in the sample . Similarly , a specimen can be obtained from the chancre during the primary or secondary stage of the disease or by a lumbar puncture when the central nervous system is suspected of involvement . In either of these situations , the bacteria can indeed be recovered from the specimens , thus confirming the presence of the disease .

The mainstay of treatment involves the use of penicillin . It is available either alone or in a combination that can potentiate its effect . The duration of such treatment depends on the stage at which the diagnosis has been made . Any kind of sexual intercourse can lead to the development of this disease once one party has got it. In the United States for example , there has been a decline among women sufferers of this disease but there has been an increase among males especially within the gay community. Many people have developed some barriers against worry about this disease . It is seen as a relic of another era and unable to cripple and kill . Such people are sadly mistaken . Syphilis is alive and well and the number of new cases is increasing every year . Every suspicious lump on the genital area especially when it is painless must be taken to a doctor for examination and diagnosis .
Source: The Punch

How I defied my mother, outwitted police to defend Nigeria’s most wanted armed robber, Anini

​THE A-N-I-N-I STORY: I outwitted the police to defend Nigeria’s most wanted robber and his accomplice, CSP Iyamu

•Says IBB showed great interest in case

By Simon Ebegbulem, Benin-City

Anini, right, with his gang just before execution

Chief Osaheni Uzamere is a lawyer of 37 years standing. Uzamere was defence counsel in the trial of Nigeria’s armed robber Lawrence Anini and other members of his gang as well as George Iyamu, the police officer convicted for supplying guns to the gang that terrorised the nation in the early 80s.

In this interview, 74-year-old Uzamere, a journalist – turned lawyer and also the elder brother of Senator Ehigie Uzamere, gives an insight into the gang and why he took the case in 1987. He also commends President Muhammadu Buhari on the war against corrupt judges and lawyers.

From journalism to law

I never read journalism, but I had this flair for writing right from school. In ICC, I was for so many years the editor of a magazine called the Moat. Then when I went to Government College, Ibadan, I was also the editor of the school magazine called the Rock. While at University of Ibadan, I was in-charge of several publications because I was the Public Relations Officer of the students union government. I left ICC in 1962 and entered Government College, Ibadan in 1963. I left Government College, Ibadan in December 1964 and in September 1965 I entered University of Ibadan. Governor Ogbemudia was just starting the Observer Newspaper when I left university.
He was then a colonel in the Army, he invited me one day in 1969 after I had left UI with a degree in history and asked me to go to the Observer to be the Features Editor. I went there but all I wanted to do in life was to study law like my hero, Chief Obafemi Awolowo. I was in Observer and Ogbemudia was paying me good money. But when University of Benin was two years old, I wrote an article titled, “Two years of UNIBEN: problems and prospects”. And as a follow up, I went to interview the first Vice Chancellor of the UNIBEN, Prof Hill. Half way through the interview, the Scot man asked about my qualification and whether I could become his Personal Assistant. He gave me an offer which doubled what I was receiving in Observer. My first first job in UNIBEN was PA to the Vice Chancellor, from there I became Establishment Officer and then Admission Officer. There was no JAMB then. So, I was practically the UNIBEN JAMB and I profited a lot from it. Infact I knew my present wife 42 years ago when she came for admission into UNIBEN. When I saw her, I told myself I must admit this beautiful, brilliant girl which I did. After that I was made the Student Affairs Officer, what you now call Dean of Students. In this odyssey, they taught me university administration. Then in 1975 Murtala Muhammed and Obasanjo came and sacked civil servants. I was among those sacked on the 14th of November 1975, and by the 28th of November 1975, I was in London reading law. That was in University of London. Five years later, I stormed Benin City as a lawyer. Since then I have not looked back. I am 74 yers ld, this month (February).

So why did you take up the job to defend late Anini, an armed robber who terrorised the country?

I took up that case when I was seven years at the bar in 1987. Before the world got to know Anini, I had been his lawyer for four years. He and his gang were my clients. My view of my profession is simple: if a thief comes to you, the money in his hand is bad because he stole it, but when you are collecting your legal fees, the money he gives to you is not bad. So, from 1984-87, I was Anini’s lawyer and I used to give the police in Benin a run for their money by representing all those armed robbers and freeing them. So the police themselves were after me because these suspected armed robbers will tell their colleagues there was no need to give bribe to the police, ‘when they arrest you, just go to Uzamere at Mission Road and he will get bail for you’. So the police were after my life but I was not deterred. So when the Anini saga was nearing the end, Anini and his gang did not have money again because they were being pursued, and once they were arrested, they confessed to a lot of things. Meanwhile, George Iyamu’s people came to brief me to be the police officer’s lawyer. Iyamu had been accused of conspiring with Anini and others. Iyamu was the king pin, but Anini was notorious. So I became the lawyer to Iyamu and I defended him with all my heart. The more experienced lawyers then declined to take up the Iyamu case because they were afraid. It was said then President Babangida was involved, he wanted Anini to pay for his robberies by all means. But for me it was my opportunity to be famous and I grabbed it. Omo Agege was the judge who sat over that case, he just died. He called me minutes before he read the judgment and said, “Young man even though you won this case, I will not release Iyamu to you this afternoon because Benin people will lynch us”. I told him I already had my fame while Iyamu could go to his grave. And that is exactly what happened. I am now 37 years as a lawyer but I was just seven years then.

How did you feel then that they were bringing blood money to you and were you ever tempted to betray them by handing them over to the police?

First of all, like I told you earlier, the moment that money got to me as my legal fees, it was no longer blood money, it was my money. And let me also tell you, I started my profession on one philosophy, that if my mother came to brief me to sue my father and she pays my fees, I will sue my father because these two people met themselves ever before I was born, let them sort themselves out. More brazenly, I used to say if God came to my chambers and asked me to sue the devil, I will sue Satan because God and Satan were there before you and I. So, once you pay my fees, I will not double cross you. Therefore, if somebody comes in and says he wants to brief me and he is accused of stealing, it is not my business to say whether he was right, or wrong; he has come to brief me to use my legal skill to get him out. And having acquired that skill I am bound to use it. The question of whether my conscience was pricking me or not never arose because this is my means of livelihood. I am a lawyer and representing criminals is allowed by my profession. The constitution says that if somebody is accused of murder and he cannot afford a lawyer, the judge sitting there should give him a lawyer. I will do my job but, on personal level, I am not a thief. I am even more honest than most Nigerians. I don’t belong to any political party, I don’t belong to any cult or union, so my conscience is very clear and God gave me the brains to be a lawyer and part of my job is to defend criminals.

‘My mother fought me for defending armed robbers’

In fact, on a more personal note, because my mother was trying to dissuade me from taking up cases like the Anini’s case, she used to refer to the fact that ‘we all now know that those who defend armed robbers are robbers themselves’. But I will tell her that the greatest murder cases in Nigeria were at that time handled by Rotimi Williams. And I would ask her whether Rotimi was a murderer? I told her I am not a reverend father or a bishop or an iman; this is the Ministry God has given to me and there are many of suspected criminals and the law says I should defend them, should I abandon them? No. There was a day Anini was in my office and the police were looking for him because they hardly knew his face. I decided not to hand over Anini to anybody particularly when the police had not approached me to do so. I knew that if I did that, I may lose my life. There were some people who did that, like doctors, who tried to betray them, the boys killed them. If as I was defending them and they found out I was reporting to the police, they would have killed me too. Their confidence in me was that ‘this man is our lawyer and we trust him’. When Anini and others were being tried, immediately I entered the court, they will be hailing me. I remember one day when Osunbor (a member of Anini’s gang) told me in court, ‘Oga Uzamere, I know you are a very brilliant person but your mouth will not cover this because we are going to lie against Iyamu’, which they proceeded to do. Even though I got Iyamu to get out of that because the charge was complicity, and the law does not allow the evidence of those who are complicit, it was a political case in which Babangida said there should be no appeal. If there was an appeal, I would have won.

How did you feel when Anini and members of his gang were executed?

I decided to be a lawyer. They decided to be criminals. So if they decided that quick money was what they wanted, they should bear the consequences. For instance, we have colleagues who are having deals with politicians; so if they enter into trouble like some have done now, you expect me to sympathise with them? They went into those deals just because they wanted to be rich, so they got what they wanted. You don’t see me around politicians. There are two centers of power in Benin-City, the palace and Government House. I don’t go to anyone of them. I am happy with my condition. I am not a criminal but I can defend criminals because it is allowed by law and criminality is their choice. In fact, just last week, I got a new case, the man is still in Kirikiri, he was charged with murder. I will defend him.
Culled from Vanguard