News Headlines Oct 17, 2017. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

News Headlines Oct 17, 2017. Headlines From Nigeria’s Major Newspapers

Compiled by Demola Adefajo



The Punch


World Bank disagrees with Adeosun on borrowing … says cost of debts not sustainable
17-year-old Lagos girl stabs boyfriend to death
Despite curfew, suspected Fulani herdsmen kill 27 in fresh Plateau attack
How Nigeria, others can tackle corruption, by IMF, Okonjo-Iweala
FG to compel JAMB on 200 cut-off for prospective teachers
Sokoto sends 239 lab scientists back to school
‘Striking Kogi workers are political civil servants’
Final-year student of UMYU dies of snake bite
Victor Moses out for one month
Elevator accident: Court awards N10.3m against Lagos hotel
Why the army vaccination rumour caused panic
Produce Kanu or face war, IPOB warns
Between white collar crime and business efficacy
Direct IG to transfer SARS commander, Rivers tells Buhari
NLNG demands $315m judgement debt from NIMASA
Bonnke targets 30 million Africans in Nigeria’s farewell crusade
Sterling never considered Arsenal move
Should the FG be allowed to borrow additional $5.5bn?
Nigerian keeper makes La Liga history
Fire guts petrol minister Kachikwu’s house
Police arrest alleged serial rapists in Imo
Businessman arraigned for defrauding bank of N335m
Police redeploy officers for allegedly ‘selling detained suspects’
 Residents protest power outage in Ondo communities
Police rescue kidnapped Catholic priest in Ebonyi
Alleged adultery: Mob beats man to death in Abia community
Our lecturers not ASUU members — UNIMED VC
PDP chair: Fayose, Ladoja, George, others meet on S’West candidate
APC to hold NEC meeting Oct. 31
Anambra: Ekwueme, Makarfi, Obi confident of Obaze’s victory
Group attacks Okorocha for erecting Zuma’s statue in Imo
NNPC: Probe Kachikwu allegations now – Ezekwesili
Buhari must justify appointments, projects – CACOL
NLNG demands $315m judgement debt from NIMASA
How to earn two incomes from one property
UBA nine-month profit soars by 33.2%
Nigeria, South Africa vie for Africa’a biggest economy
Eurobond: Fidelity Bank records largest new issue, liability offering
Tension as 20 Sunshine players face the sack
Nigeria shine at ITTF tourney
Adamawa blame referees, ministry for promotion failure
IKogi poly student kidnapped, abductors demand N10m
We are not criminals, suspended OAU students reply management
16 bag first class, 467 graduate from Crescent University
FUNAAB VC seeks FG’s approval to hire more lecturers
Candidates no longer fancy agric courses –Provost
Rape: Rapper Nelly’s accuser wants case dropped
Sexual abuse: #MeToo trends on Twitter
Scientists find new typhoid vaccine effective
Alumni donates library to dental school
Sanofi, others to convene summit on diabetes
Mental health in the workplace
10 ways Slackbots will change the future of work
50% of TV viewing to be on mobile screen
Copyright Internet treaties’ll enhance intellectual property protection – NCC
Ericsson Group shows interest in Nigerian broadband market
Editorial: Containing spread of Boko Haram mayhem
Lessons from the world’s fastest-rising university
Rising debt: Nigeria heading towards the precipice



ThisDay


27 Plateau Victims Given Mass Burial After Latest Attack by Suspected Herdsmen
Shell Executives Charged in Italy over Malabu Deal
10-year-old Girl Craves Audience with Buhari, Gets Invitation
Intels: NPA Frustrated Attempts to Resolve TSA Logjam
Part of Kachikwu’s House Gutted by Fire
Intels: NPA Frustrated Attempts to Resolve TSA Logjam
Adewole: Three Cases of Monkey Pox Confirmed in Bayelsa, Lagos Free of Virus
Revenue Leakages: Erring Firms Have Refunded N30bn, Claims Senate C’ttee
Part of Kachikwu’s House Gutted by Fire
Breaking: Again, 23 Massacred in Fresh Attack on Plateau Community
27 Plateau Victims Given Mass Burial After Latest Attack by Suspected…
• President condemns incident, orders security forces to arrest situation
Fidelity Bank Issues $400m Eurobond, Refinances $256m of Maturing Notes
Edo, Akogate Redeem Cash Pledge to NWPL Super 4 Winners
Gana, Shekarau Others Lead Adeniran’s PDP Chairmanship Campaign Team
Ashley Puts Newcastle up for Sale
Revenue Leakages: Erring Firms Have Refunded N30bn, Claims Senate C’ttee
Senate C’tee Summons Baru, Shell over Revocation, Re-award of OML 13
How CBN, MOFI’s Inability to Pay N18.22bn Obligations Constrained BoA
Serve Criminal Charges on Senator Misau, Court Tells FG
Court Orders Interim Forfeiture of N1.96bn Linked to Ontario Oil
Anti Grazing Bill: Benue Government Provides Land for Grazing
You Have Case to Answer, Court Tells Ex-NIMASA Boss, Akpobolokemi
Agip Spends $5.4bn on Local Content in Six Years
Cholera Outbreak Has Been Arrested in Borno, Says UNICEF
Makarfi: PDP will Support to Obaze to Take over Anambra
5m Nigerians are Diabetic, Expert Says
IPOB Issues Threat If FG Fails to Produce Kanu in Court Today
Rivers Govt Decries Refusal of IG, PSC to Probe SARS
Paris Club Refund: Cross River Hasn’t Paid a Dime to Any Consultant, Says Finance…
Clampdown on Intels: Stay Clear of Politics, Frank Tells FIRS, NPA
Six Injured, 1,000 Farmlands Destroyed in C’River by Cameroonian Gendarmes
Lagos to Create 200,000 Jobs through Rice Production
Shops Closed, Vehicular Traffic Disrupted as Akure Residents Protest Power Outage
Graduate Policemen Protest Suspension of Promotion Exercise
FCMB Wins Banking Awards
Institute Honours Heritage Bank Executives
CBN Maintains Market Liquidity with $195 Million
UBA’s Nine Months Profit Grows by 33% to N78 Billion
Investing in Environment Sector Will Increase Sources of Income in Nigeria,…
Nigerian Engineers Plan Safety Awareness to Prevent Disasters 
Anambra 2017: I am the Authentic PDP Candidate, Obiogbolu Insists
Dogara: National Assembly to Pass Bill Seeking to End Poverty
PDP Speakers Call for Devolution of Powers
‘Law Should Be A Graduate Programme’
Bayelsa’s New Measures for Schools’ Protection
Pot Four Awaits Super Eagles as FIFA Ranks Nigeria 41st
Wike Meets Ronaldo, Sergio Ramos in Madrid
Nigerian Players Fail First Round Tests
Champions League: Real Test for Rising Harry Kane
Okorocha and Jacob Zuma’s Statue


The Nation



Gunmen kill 29 displaced persons in attack on camp
Monkey pox patient commits suicide
Cameroonian gendarmes injure six Nigerians
NPA gives INTELS three months to quit ports
What Buhari told World Bank, by Oshiomhole
Nnamdi Kanu’s whereabouts unknown as trial resumes today
NLNG demands $315m refund from NIMASA
Agbakoba urges court to disqualify Buhari as Petroleum Minister
Workers arraigned for alleged N1m theft
Striking Kogi workers are political civil servants’
Buhari orders security agents to halt killings
203 get First Class at Federal Agric Varsity
23-year-old jailed for stealing TV
Buhari hosts kid admirers in Aso Villa
DPO kidnapped in Niger
Unilorin: Ahmed congratulates new VC
Kogi Poly student kidnapped, demand N10m ransom
Protest by unions was to evade disciplinary sanction – FCA Provost
There should be changes in educational curricular – OAU VC
Combining studies with school politics
Champions League: Real Madrid vs Tottenham Possible Line-up
Apochi relishing chance at a world title under-card
Ronaldo, Ramos Meet Gov Wike at Real Madrid Football Club
Newcastle United Onwer, Mike Ashley Confirms Sale of Club
1st AITEO/CAF Award Holds January 4 In Accra
AITEO Cup: Angels on parade in Jos
CHAN: Nigeria starts preparation with 30 Players
Awolowo-Dosunmu: Why I shunned partisan politics
Ekiti 2018: Will Fayemi run?
Insecurity: Civil right groups issue 14 days ultimatum to Obaseki
Wannabe queens besiege QMA auditions
AMVCA winner, Rotimi Salami shoots advocacy movie
Why awards excite me, by RMD
Kwara vaccinates 200,000 people in three days
Two arrested for ‘kidnapping’
Sheath your sword, youths urged
Armed robbers invade Ago Palace
Health graduates protest exclusion from recruitment
A nugget as we commemorate the world students day
Google celebrates 272th birthday of Nigerian slave
The other side of social media
#Metoo: Sexually harassed men, women speak up
UNO: education system not speaking to digital jobs market
Jumia, AirFrance KLM partner
Airtel’s teachers’ capacity building programme coming

Cybercrimes ‘greater than ICT advancement’


Vanguard



Naira Down To 360.75/$ At NAFEX
PDP Flags Off Campaign In Anambra
Dwindling Oil Revenue, Threat To Food Security —Ambode
Why I Picked Gani Adams As New Aare Ona Kakanfo — Alaafin
Court Dismisses Ex-NIMASA Boss, Akpobolokemi’s Submission
436 Kano Residents Benefit From Rotary Club Free Eye Surgery
Medic Calls For Overhauling Of NHIS
New Urban Agenda, UN-Habitat Reform, Take Focus At High-Level General Assembly Talks
NACCIMA Discourages Borrowing To Finance Recurrent Expenditures
Uniform Men Lured Us To Be Killed By Herdsmen – Plateau Attack Survivor
NWPL Super 4 Fallout: Edo Plans 20 Mini Stadia
Disintegration Or Restructuring: Which Way Nigeria?
S-West PDP chieftains meet over party chairmanship slot
Petrol tanker fire wreaks havoc on Abia community
PPMC earns N132bn from petrol, kerosene, diesel sales
Illegality of bailout funds to states: NGF, Falana, others tackle Tukur, ex-RMAFC boss
Biafra: FG set to try Kanu in absentia, as his whereabouts remains unkown
Plateau killing: Buhari directs military, police to halt reprisal attacks
N120bn bribery allegation: Court declines to order Misau’s arrest
Agbakoba asks court to sack President Buhari as Minister of Petroleum Resources
NWPL Super 4 Fallout: Edo Plans 20 mini stadia
Unity is key to Nigeria’s rising profile in football – Ahmad
Oshoala gets Emzor support
Ita Enang congratulates Akwa United
Newcastle United for sale!
Kaduna govt pays pensioners N17bn, N4bn death benefits
Do all you can to return PDP to sanity, Alex Ekwueme tells Makarfi, others
FG deploys technology to balance resource distribution
Breaking: PDP splits in Anambra, faction rejects Obaze, threatens to support another candidate
Lagos PDP caretaker committee endorses George for chairmanship
Fela used music to fight for liberation of the masses – Ambode
Evans girlfriend not sexually molested, property taken as exhibit – Police


The Guardian


 Victor Moses out for four weeks
Fire razes Kachikwu’s house
 Governor sacks cabinet
 Protest as herdsmen kill over 25 in Plateau, Delta
More trouble for Atiku, NPA to re-award INTELS contract
Nigeria continues power, infrastructure talks with global bodies
 Monkeypox victim commits suicide
Man accused of raping 3-year-old to death
Maltese blogger who accused government of corruption killed by car bomb
Why Buhari turned down Okorocha’s invitation – Zuma
Agbakoba wants court to nullify Buhari’s ministerial position
FG, WHO lab confirm three Monkeypox cases in Bayelsa
 We support Quadri’s quest for laurels at Belgium 2017 ITTF World Cup, says Tikom
Hazard aims to seize Champions League spotlight
Anthony Joshua’s title defence threatened by Kubrat Pulev’s injury
Nasarawa promotes Amazons’ players, coaches for winning Super Four trophy
Again, Nigerian players stutter as second leg serves off
Nigeria’s Akinwumi Adesina named 2017 World Food Prize Laureate
Foreign debt, democracy and checks and balances
African leaders, Dangote move to change continent’s economic narrative
Governments, donors failing women farmers in climate change fight’
NNPC presents the Maikanti and Emmanuel Show
 Editorial: Home-grown solution for malaria eradication
 Owerri, yesterday, today and tomorrow
How the north benefits from restructuring
The clinic’s illness
Constitutional provisions: Nigeria president and the congress – Part 2
PDP’s chances brighter in Kogi State, says Wada
Those accusing me of not paying salaries are political civil servants, says Bello
Federal appointments spew more trouble for Enugu APC
NGO seeks violence-free Anambra guber poll
Joe Jonas Engaged To Sophie Turner
Elton John to end Vegas residency
Box office glory a piece of cake for ‘Happy Death Day’
Google celebrates 272nd birthday of Nigerian slave, Equiano
 ‘Jungle justice poses a serious threat to national security’
Abia judicial committee uncovers infractions
Our business grounded, firm tells workers
Lawyer tasks IGP on execution of court order

The Sun



Land dispute:  Cameroun gendarmes invade Nigerian territory, injure 6
Gunmen kill 27 in fresh herdsmen’s attack in Plateau
Senate probes revocation of oil blocks
IPOB: Army to begin deradicalisation of members  
Monkeypox patient commits suicide in Bayelsa
Buhari’s World Bank request misconstrued –Oshiomhole
Presidential campaign fund: Buhari meets Nicole, N5,785 donor  
Fire guts Kachikwu’s house
It’s not sabotage –FG
Rich Nigerians must pay more tax –Adeosun
…Says luxury tax’ll commence soon Real Madrid Academy in Rivers: Wike meets Ronaldo, Ramos
Nollyhood producer, coy slam N25m suit on DSTV
Untold story of boat accidents in Nigeria
Why they happen
Mystery flood ravages Edo communities
TEACHERS’ DAY
Undisputed facts about Anambra guber
Wanted: A razor gang to slash legislators’ pay
Somalia bomb blast: 165 unidentified bodies buried
Liberia: Weah, Boakai headed for presidential run-off Nov 7
DR Congo wins seat on UN rights council despite US opposition
IPOB: How I prevented war in my State –Ikpeazu
I want to reposition Anambra -Nnoli
My vote for Willie Obiano
Termination of contract: FG offers to hire 2,000 Intels’ workers
SMEs critical to Nigeria’s economic growth –Dickson
Kanu: Eagles must start preparations early
NWPL Super 4: Edo, Akogate redeem cash pledge to winners
CAF Confederation Cup: Akwa won’t fumble in Africa –Maikaba
EDITORIAL: Improving the quality/welfare of teachers
Undisputed facts about Anambra guber


New Telegraph



Gunmen attack IDPs, kill 29 children, women
CBN forex reforms cripple BDC operations
 Unpaid salaries: You’re a liar, workers tell gov
 Bayelsa: Recovering monkeypox patient commits suicide
Gunmen attack IDPs, kill 29 children, women

Federal varsity, Otuoke handicapped by dearth of facilities – VC
IFF: Pitfalls in Nigeria’s recovery efforts
NUT begins fasting over el-Rufai’s plan to sack 20,000 teachers
Kwara lecturers go spiritual over unpaid salaries
Gov Bello: I owe two months Labour: No, you owe us 21 months The Nigeria Labour…
Fire guts Kachikwu’s Abuja residence
   …not a serious matter, says Ministry  
WHO lab confirms three cases –Minister Customs seizes N80m Porsche convertible
Two arrested for two-year-old boy’s kidnap
Police rescue kidnapped Catholic priest
Evans’ ‘accomplice’ sues police for N100m
Anambra must be liberated from godfathers – Nnoli
Enugu: Rumble in APC over federal appointments
Ndume: Lamentation of a senator
Olorundipe: Money politics responsible for under-devt
IFF: Pitfalls in Nigeria’s recovery efforts
Wema Bank upgrades digital banking
UBA grows profit by 33% to N78.3bn in Q3
PZ Cussons slips into loss position on harsh milieu
Rohr: Ezenwa not world-class keeper
  …as Eagles’ coach keeps tab on Deportivo’s Uzoho
Moses faces one-month injury layoff
  FIFA rankings: Eagles move up three spots
…still 5th In Africa The Super Eagles of…
Teacher’s son wins best teacher award …as NB splashes N50m prizes on winners
FG to upgrade Petroleum institute to global standard
Obaseki harps on TVE for development
Given the importance of Technical and Vocational Education..
Tackling maternal mortality with equipment


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Fire guts Kachikwu’s house

Fire guts Kachikwu’s Abuja residence

Kachikwu

 By Johnchuks Onuanyim
…not a serious matter, says Ministry

The embattled Minister of State, Petroleum Resources, Dr Ibe Kachikwu, narrowly escaped a major tragedy on Sunday evening as a fire outbreak occurred at his private residence in the highbrow Asokoro District of Abuja. New Telegraph gathered that the fire emanated from a power surge on one of the airconditioners in his bedroom.

Although Kachikwu was reportedly not at home when the fire began, his family members aided by security personnel guarding the premises were able to put off the fire before it could spread to other parts of the building. Security operatives guarding the entrance to the highbrow estate prevented journalists from accessing the building and there was no visible sign of an inferno from the outside.

However , a source at the Ministry of Petroleum Resources confirmed that there was a fire outbreak at the minister’s residence on Sunday evening. “Yes, it is true but this is off record because you know I am not supposed to talk on the matter.

There was fire outbreak; the minister was not at home but the security men on duty mobilised and put out the fire. It’s a minor incident and I don’t think it is a big deal,” the source said.

Special Assistant to the Minister on Media Affairs, Mr Uche Adighibe, could not comment on the development when our correspondent called him on his mobile phone. Adighibe said he was driving but did not pick the subsequent calls made to his phone.

But confirming the incident to NAN, the Director, Press Relations in the Ministry, Mr Idang Alibi, said there was no substantial damage. ”Yes. Yes, I can confirm it happened. There was a minor fire incident but it’s nothing to worry about. ”No life was lost, no one was injured and there was no substantial damage. Thank you,” Alibi said.

Source: New Telegraph

Monkeypox patient commits suicide as test confirms three positive cases

Monkey pox patient commits suicide

Posted By: Mike Odiegwu, Yenagoa and Vincent Ikuomola

•Three cases confirmed
•Four Lagos cases negative

A victim of monkey pox receiving treatment at the Niger Delta University Hospital (UNDTH), Okolobiri, Bayelsa State, has committed suicide.

It was gathered that the victim, whose name was not disclosed, hung himself early yesterday.

The state government confirmed the development at a joint press conference by commissioners for Information and Orientation, Mr. Daniel Iworiso-Markson and Health, Prof. Ebitimitula Etebu, with the Chief Medical Director, NDUTH, Prof. Dimie Ogoina and other senior health officials.

Etebu said that the deceased was among the 21 suspected cases of “monkey pox” being managed at the NDUTH.

He regretted that the patient took his own life despite speedily recovering from the disease.

Etebu said the patient’s medical history did not suggest any mental illness or depression.

He maintained that the patient did not die of monkey pox.

Etebu said the police and his family had been contacted and all due diligence was being followed for his funeral.

He sympathised with the family and said that a committee would evaluate his past and recent clinical and social history.

The examination will determine “if there were undisclosed mental illness or personal family problem that could have justified the suicide”.

Iworiso-Markson urged residents to continue to use preventive measures, such as avoiding bushmeats and other causes of the disease.

The Public Relations Officer, Bayelsa State Police Command, Mr. Asinim Butswat, said the death had been reported.

He, however, said the police were not suspecting any foul play, noting that there were no visible marks of violence other than the rope the patient tied around his neck.

Three cases of monkey pox have been confirmed after laboratory analysis.

The cases are all in Bayelsa State where the outbreak was first reported in September.

Briefing reporters yesterday in Abuja on the outcome of the tests from the World Health Organisation (WHO) reference laboratory in Senegal, Health Minister Prof. Isaac Adewole said only three of the 21 were confirmed positive; 12 were negative.

Results of two others were being awaited.

On the suspected outbreak in Lagos, the minister said the four cases turned out negative.

The minister also noted that further investigations would be carried out on the cases that came out negative to confirm what the ailment is.

He said: “As at 13th of October 2017, there were 17 suspected cases reported from Yenagoa Local Government in Bayelsa State. We have received laboratory confirmation for monkey pox virus from three of these cases from the WHO Regional Laboratory in Dakar, Senegal. Samples from 12 other cases from Bayelsa were negative.

“With these results, three suspected monkey pox cases in Yenagoa have been confirmed with laboratory evidence. The most likely source of infection is a primary zoonotic transmission, from an animal, with secondary person-to-person transmission.

“Since our initial announcement, a total of 43 other suspected cases have been reported from eight other states (Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Ekiti, Lagos, Enugu, Nasarawa, Rivers, and FCT).

“Of these, four cases from Lagos have also been tested and confirmed to be negative for the monkey pox virus.”

The minister also posited that other cases from other parts of the country might not be caused by monkey pox.

Adewole said: “We expect that many of these cases being reported from other states in Nigeria are not caused by the Monkey pox virus, but we will continue to investigate all those cases that fit the case definition.”

He added: “Further laboratory tests using whole genome sequencing are being carried out by the Africa Centre for Genomics and Infectious Diseases in Redeemers University, Ede, Osun State.”

Adewole also reassured Nigerians that there was no reason to panic as the West African strain of the monkey pox virus is milder, compared to that of East Africa.

This, he said, explained why there has not been any casualty.

The minister stressed: “Monkey pox is largely a self-limiting disease, from which all suspected patients that have been reported to date are doing well clinically. Even before this confirmation, all the necessary public health measures have been put in place and will continue to be implemented.”

On the symptoms, Adewole said: “The monkey pox begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, and exhaustion. Monkey pox causes lymph nodes to swell (lymphadenopathy) and the incubation period (time from infection to symptoms) for monkey pox is usually 7-14 days but can range from 5-21 days.

“Specifically, it begins with fever, headache, muscle aches, backache, swollen lymph nodes, chills, exhaustion

Within one-three days (sometimes longer) after the appearance of fever, the patient develops a rash, often begin on the face, then spread to other parts of the body.”

The minister urged Nigerians “to remain calm and supportive of public health authorities, avoid self-medication and report to the nearest health facility if feeling unwell or notice any of the above symptoms in anyone around you. It is important to note that there has been no confirmation of monkey pox in any other part of the country, and it is likely that many of the other cases being reported are not caused by the monkey pox virus. Nigerians should continue to be vigilant at all times.

“Health care workers are strongly advised to always practise universal precautions while handling patients and/or body fluids at all times. They are also urged to be alert, be familiar with the symptoms of monkey pox and maintain a high index of suspicion. All suspected cases should be immediately reported to the local government area or state Disease Surveillance and Notification Officers.”

Source: The Nation

Nipple discharge: Causes and effects

Nipple discharge: Causes and effects

Dr. Sylvester Ikhisemojie

Nipple discharge is one of the most common reasons why a woman is likely to visit a doctor in connection with her breasts in her lifetime. And while most of these cases will involve women understandably, men can also have the condition. Because the breast in men is somewhat rudimentary, it often spells trouble when a male breast is discharging for any reason. There are various types of nipple discharge and each one usually represents some specific kind of condition and we shall be examining some of these associations very shortly.

The milky discharge is probably the most common kind of nipple discharge seen in women. In many cases this would occur because the affected woman has recently stopped breastfeeding her baby. Sometimes, a woman can experience such a milky discharge in a period ranging from two to three years after breastfeeding has been stopped. It can also be because the woman has suffered a change in the hormonal representation in her system especially in the woman of reproductive age.

Furthermore, it commonly would result from a rise in the level of the milk-producing hormone known as prolactin. As this hormone rises in value, so it suppresses ovulation. Many of these women are therefore initially diagnosed with the condition in the course of being investigated for infertility.

The other type of nipple discharge often seen is the bloody discharge and that often causes alarm. It may be caused by a non-cancerous condition known as a papilloma. This is a growth that can irritate the tissue within a breast duct and cause some bleeding to result. More rarely, a bloody nipple discharge is associated with cancer of the breast.

The third most common type of nipple discharge is the clear type of discharge which is often of little significance if both nipples are involved but comes into sharp focus if this discharge is seen only from one side. Frequently, the one-sided discharge is seen in association with breast cancer. It needs to be followed up with seriousness and should be taken to a doctor for examination as early as possible.

Finally is the greenish kind of discharge which is often symptomatic of a cyst just underneath the nipple or the areola that it drains. Each one of these different types of discharge can be alarming. The bloody type of discharge and the clear one are the ones most frequently associated with breast cancer. However, all of them are not always the cause for the kind of concern often attributed to them. Any level of concern should however be taken to a hospital for the sort of examination and expert opinion necessary to rest the matter in a timely and useful manner. That step is necessary to help determine what the cause of a particular discharge is so that the appropriate treatment can be administered. That usually helps resolve the problem.

A nipple discharge will occur when the nipples secrete some kind of fluid. Several underlying conditions understandably make such discharge possible and each type is often a variety of consistencies and colours. Sometimes, such characteristics make it possible to isolate possible causes before a confirmatory test is done.

Other causes of nipple discharge are as follows;

(1) A breast abscess.

(2)A hormonal disorder as described in paragraph 2 above.

(3)Other breast infections like cellulitis or mastitis.

(4) Excessive nipple stimulation.

(5) Mammary duct ectasia, when the milk duct under the nipple becomes thick and widens abnormally.

6) Injury to the breast as experienced in any form of trauma.

7) Fibrocystic breast disease.

8) Paget’s disease of the breast, which is a rare form of breast cancer affecting the nipple and areola.

9) Periductal mastitis which is an inflammatory reaction around the milk ducts.

10) It can be a side-effect of the use of birth-control pills. Other medications that can cause similar nipple discharge are blood pressure medications, sedatives, anti-psychotics and anti-depressants. The use of prohibited drugs such as cocaine and marijuana can also cause nipple discharge.

In men, nipple discharge is much less common but it can nevertheless occur due to a variety of conditions. The most common cause is the reduction in the circulating blood level of the male hormone, testosterone. This is also seen in a condition called gynaecomastia, a condition in which there is breast enlargement and tenderness. Similarly, a pituitary tumour can cause this condition to result. The pituitary gland located at the base of the brain is the master gland which is responsible for producing the hormones that cause the production of milk in the nipples. When the gland is enlarged, prolactin production rises and the level of milk production similarly goes up. Breast cancer in men is also associated with the production of various types of nipple discharge. Because of these associations, therefore, any kind of nipple discharge in a man should be taken to a doctor because none of them is usual or expected to happen.

In babies, nipple discharge is sometimes seen too. This is usually because of the presence of hormones from the mother circulating in the baby’s blood. This anomaly often resolves without treatment within several days.

Whenever a woman experiences any type of nipple discharge, it is advisable that she pays a visit to her doctor. This is particularly so if the discharge is associated with any of the following features that are also seen in breast cancer. These features include a change in the size or the shape of the breast; a discharge from only one breast; a discharge stained with blood; a swelling under the armpit on the same side as the breast; discharge from only one breast and any breast discharge that continues over several days. In many parts of Nigeria, these features are a dream situation because the patients seldom present early in the hospital. Very often, the history of the nipple discharge goes back several months. When the cause of the discharge is a potentially devastating condition, lots of useful time would have been lost at the time she eventually arrives in hospital.

It sounds like a routine thing for anyone who has experienced something like we have itemised above to seek interpretation from an expert when they have it. Many look upon the situation as unimportant and therefore easily treated. That is often not the case. It would seem therefore, that a nipple discharge may be a minor event in a chain of circumstances. Many times, its effects are major and the consequences frequently unpleasant.e,

Nipple discharge: Causes and effects

Nipple discharge: Causes and effects

Dr. Sylvester Ikhisemojie

Nipple discharge is one of the most common reasons why a woman is likely to visit a doctor in connection with her breasts in her lifetime. And while most of these cases will involve women understandably, men can also have the condition. Because the breast in men is somewhat rudimentary, it often spells trouble when a male breast is discharging for any reason. There are various types of nipple discharge and each one usually represents some specific kind of condition and we shall be examining some of these associations very shortly.

The milky discharge is probably the most common kind of nipple discharge seen in women. In many cases this would occur because the affected woman has recently stopped breastfeeding her baby. Sometimes, a woman can experience such a milky discharge in a period ranging from two to three years after breastfeeding has been stopped. It can also be because the woman has suffered a change in the hormonal representation in her system especially in the woman of reproductive age.

Furthermore, it commonly would result from a rise in the level of the milk-producing hormone known as prolactin. As this hormone rises in value, so it suppresses ovulation. Many of these women are therefore initially diagnosed with the condition in the course of being investigated for infertility.


The other type of nipple discharge often seen is the bloody discharge and that often causes alarm. It may be caused by a non-cancerous condition known as a papilloma. This is a growth that can irritate the tissue within a breast duct and cause some bleeding to result. More rarely, a bloody nipple discharge is associated with cancer of the breast.

The third most common type of nipple discharge is the clear type of discharge which is often of little significance if both nipples are involved but comes into sharp focus if this discharge is seen only from one side. Frequently, the one-sided discharge is seen in association with breast cancer. It needs to be followed up with seriousness and should be taken to a doctor for examination as early as possible.

Finally is the greenish kind of discharge which is often symptomatic of a cyst just underneath the nipple or the areola that it drains. Each one of these different types of discharge can be alarming. The bloody type of discharge and the clear one are the ones most frequently associated with breast cancer. However, all of them are not always the cause for the kind of concern often attributed to them. Any level of concern should however be taken to a hospital for the sort of examination and expert opinion necessary to rest the matter in a timely and useful manner. That step is necessary to help determine what the cause of a particular discharge is so that the appropriate treatment can be administered. That usually helps resolve the problem.

A nipple discharge will occur when the nipples secrete some kind of fluid. Several underlying conditions understandably make such discharge possible and each type is often a variety of consistencies and colours. Sometimes, such characteristics make it possible to isolate possible causes before a confirmatory test is done.

Other causes of nipple discharge are as follows;

(1) A breast abscess.

(2)A hormonal disorder as described in paragraph 2 above.

(3)Other breast infections like cellulitis or mastitis.

(4) Excessive nipple stimulation.

(5) Mammary duct ectasia, when the milk duct under the nipple becomes thick and widens abnormally.

6) Injury to the breast as experienced in any form of trauma.

7) Fibrocystic breast disease.

8) Paget’s disease of the breast, which is a rare form of breast cancer affecting the nipple and areola.

9) Periductal mastitis which is an inflammatory reaction around the milk ducts.

10) It can be a side-effect of the use of birth-control pills. Other medications that can cause similar nipple discharge are blood pressure medications, sedatives, anti-psychotics and anti-depressants. The use of prohibited drugs such as cocaine and marijuana can also cause nipple discharge.

In men, nipple discharge is much less common but it can nevertheless occur due to a variety of conditions. The most common cause is the reduction in the circulating blood level of the male hormone, testosterone. This is also seen in a condition called gynaecomastia, a condition in which there is breast enlargement and tenderness. Similarly, a pituitary tumour can cause this condition to result. The pituitary gland located at the base of the brain is the master gland which is responsible for producing the hormones that cause the production of milk in the nipples. When the gland is enlarged, prolactin production rises and the level of milk production similarly goes up. Breast cancer in men is also associated with the production of various types of nipple discharge. Because of these associations, therefore, any kind of nipple discharge in a man should be taken to a doctor because none of them is usual or expected to happen.

In babies, nipple discharge is sometimes seen too. This is usually because of the presence of hormones from the mother circulating in the baby’s blood. This anomaly often resolves without treatment within several days.

Whenever a woman experiences any type of nipple discharge, it is advisable that she pays a visit to her doctor. This is particularly so if the discharge is associated with any of the following features that are also seen in breast cancer. These features include a change in the size or the shape of the breast; a discharge from only one breast; a discharge stained with blood; a swelling under the armpit on the same side as the breast; discharge from only one breast and any breast discharge that continues over several days. In many parts of Nigeria, these features are a dream situation because the patients seldom present early in the hospital. Very often, the history of the nipple discharge goes back several months. When the cause of the discharge is a potentially devastating condition, lots of useful time would have been lost at the time she eventually arrives in hospital.

It sounds like a routine thing for anyone who has experienced something like we have itemised above to seek interpretation from an expert when they have it. Many look upon the situation as unimportant and therefore easily treated. That is often not the case. It would seem therefore, that a nipple discharge may be a minor event in a chain of circumstances. Many times, its effects are major and the consequences frequently unpleasant.e,

All you need to know about Tequila

All you need to know about Tequila

Tequila is a regionally-specific distilled beverage and type of alcoholic drink made from the blue agave plant. It originated from areas surrounding the city of Tequila, northwest of Guadalajara, and in the highlands (Los Altos) of the central western Mexican state of Jalisco.

Tequila is commonly served neat in Mexico and as a shot with salt and lime across the rest of the world and contains alcohol most often made at a 38% alcohol content for domestic consumption but can be produced with between 31 and 55% alcohol content. According to a liquor connoisseur, Martty Feone, the volume of Tequila you consume “depends on how drunk you want to get. It takes one hour for one unit of alcohol to leave your system.

There is one unit of alcohol in a single shot, two in a double. So, if you don’t want to get drunk, wait one hour for a single, two if it’s a double. If you do want to get drunk then it doesn’t matter. If you want to get a little drunk, the spacing doesn’t matter too much, it’s the amount you drink that matters.”

With the details laid out as such, there are symptoms when one has overindulged in Tequila. Whether it is rum, vodka or whiskey, everyone has their drink of choice. Whatever it may be, just know tequila comes with some fine print rules. It is important to understand and recognise the dangers before picking up that bottle of tequila and then going out to the clubs or that fraternity party. Here’s a few reasons to take caution:

It will make you want to fight anybody and everybody
9-10 chance you will end up in a stranger’s bed
You won’t have to worry about all those secrets you were going to keep because they’d be out of your mouth.
You will feel invincible; you are not and you cannot handle 10 shots in half a day.
T he next morning will be the worst you’ve ever had
B e ready to throw up because you will in inappropriate places
You might make out with your best friend
Money will have no meaning whatsoever and your bank account will suffer
Don’t expect to remember anything
There is always danger when tequila is involved. It is not a drink for the faint-hearted or those who fear death. It might be your last night drinking. Give or take, the drinking binge involving Tagbo must have lasted for about five hours or a little longer as the deceased’s body was said to have been dumped at past 3am.

If late Tagbo had consumed 40 shots as the bar tender and the police claim, it means he didn’t even space the downing of each shot by 10 minutes although the police didn’t give account of how many shots other young men at the Shisha room consumed.

But with Tequila, it’s not all bad news after all as there are also some nutrient properties: Calories: 194 kkal, Sodium: 1 mg, Potassium: 2 mg, Fat : 0%, Carbohydrates: 0% and Proteins: 0%. A report published on ww.drhealthbenefits.com also revealed that moderate consumption of tequila is a health booster as the benefits read: “Aiding digestion, cures obesity, heals insomnia, prevents depression, prevents diabetes (especially type 2), prevents dementia among other health benefits.”
Courtesy New Telegraph

Health benefits of hand washing

Health benefits of hand washing
By Paul Adunwoke

As Sunday marks global Hand Washing Day, the exercise has been described as an easy, effective, and affordable protection against infections. It is said to save lives, especially when it is performed with soap. People can protect themselves, their families, and communities through this method. And it requires just two items: soap and a small amount of water. But the benefits are huge.

When hands are washed with soap regularly, and at such crucial times as, after using the toilet or before contact with food, it can greatly reduce the risk of diarrhoea and pneumonia, which can cause serious illness and death. It can reduce the risk of diarrhoea by 30 to 50 per cent. Regular hand wash with soap also helps to prevent spread of such other infections as influenza and Ebola.

The first global Hand Washing Day was held in 2008, when over 120 million children around the world washed their hands with soap in more than 70 countries. Since then, community and national leaders have used the occasion to spread the word about hand-washing, building of sinks and tippy taps, as well as demonstrate the simplicity and value of clean hands.

The global Hand Washing Day is endorsed by a large number of governments, international institutions, and civil society organisations, non-Governmental organisations (NGOs), private companies and individuals.However, health experts have noted that the reason many don’t wash their hands properly and regularly is due to lack of awareness and consciousness of its immense benefits.

Former President, Association of Resident Doctors in Lagos University Teaching Hospital (LUTH), and Chairman Nigerian Medical Association (NMA), Lagos State chapter, Dr. Omojowolo Olubunmi, explained that regular and proper hand washing is perhaps the most important and effective public health means of preventing the spread of diseases.

He added that many communicable diseases, such as cholera and other diarrhoeal disease, typhoid fever and poliomyelitis, among others, are transmitted via the faeco-oral route. Regularly washing the hands with soap and water is the best way to reduce the number of germs in most situations.

He said: “If soap and water are not available, an alcohol-based hand sanitiser that contains at least 60 per cent alcohol can be used. Alcohol-based hand sanitisers can quickly reduce the number of germs on hands in some situations, but sanitisers are not as effective as proper hand washing.

“Generally, the act of hand washing is low among Nigerians, and even healthcare personnel. Only about 30 to 40 percent of Nigerians wash their hands regularly, though this may increase to about 60 percent shortly before eating.

“The situation, where hand washing is very essential include, but not limited to before, during and after preparing food, before eating food, before and after caring to someone who is sick, before and after treating a cut or wound, after using the toilet, after changing diapers or cleaning up a child, who has used the toilet, after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing, after touching an animal, animal feed, or animal waste, after handling pet food or pet treats and after touching garbage.

“Proper hand washing, as recommended by the U.S. Centre for Disease Control and Prevention, include the following steps: Wet your hands with running water and apply soap. Rub your hands together to make lather. Scrub well for at least 20 seconds. Pay special attention to your wrists, the backs of your hands, between your fingers, and under your fingernails. Rinse your hands well under running water. Use a clean towel to dry your hands, or air-dry your hands.”

Consultant Family Physician with Cedar Group Hospital, Festac Town Lagos, Dr. Chukwuma Ogunbor, said washing hands with soap is very important in preventing diarrhoea and other diseases, especially those with faeco-oral (from faeces to mouth) mode of transmission.

Ogunbor stated that when hands are properly washed with soap, under running water and by vigorously rubbing hands together, pathogens that cause diseases are mechanically removed and contaminating flora inhabiting the hands are chemically killed.

He said in the 2015 UNICEF report, about 750, 000 children in Nigeria die before their fifth birthday. The diseases implicated include those that can be prevented by hand washing. These include diarrhoea, which is the second most common cause of death in this age group. Other diseases that can be prevented by proper hand wash include common cold, conjunctivitis, typhoid fever, hepatitis A and pinworm infection. All these underscore the importance of hand washing in maintaining good hygiene, health and wellbeing.

Ogunbor said: “It is important to note that washing hands with soap is not the only means of preventing diarrhoea. Access to clean and potable water, good sanitation, adequate nutrition and vaccination with rotavirus vaccine are also proven ways of averting sickness and deaths due to diarrhoea. Thus, while the public play its role by ensuring good hygienic practices, government at all levels must continue to ensure adequate and clean public water supply, strengthen the immunisation programme, especially by keeping to national plan of introducing Rotavirus vaccine into the routine immunisation schedule in 2018.

Proper hand washing could reduce up to 30 percent episodes of diarrhoea and a little less proportion of respiratory tract infections. However, despite various awareness and sensitisation programmes, many Nigerians don’t wash their hands appropriately, and frequently. The reasons for this is complex and include lack of access to clean water and soap, cultural practices, religious beliefs, unawareness of its benefits and lackadaisical nature to issues of good hygiene. Most people only wash their hands before eating and in the customarily improper way of jointly dipping their hands in a bowl of water.

“This hand washing approach of joint dipping of hands in a bowl can transfer, rather than prevent diseases. The best way to wash your hand is by applying soap, vigorously rubbing both hands and washing the soap off under running water.

“It is sad to note that after Ebola virus disappeared from Nigeria, most of the water sinks and soap placed at public places, such as schools and offices, have also disappeared or left unattended. What is required is a positive attitudinal change towards good hygienic practices and realisation that just as in the days of Ebola virus disease, hand washing can still prevent many deadly diseases.”

With about 10 percent of deaths in under-five Nigerian children linked to diarrhoea, according to the same 2015 UNICEF report, about 75, 000 Nigerian children die annually due to diarrhoea, which translates to more than 200 children dying daily due to same disease. This is as tragic as one local airline, filled with children, crashing every day in Nigeria, without a survivor, when about 30 percent of these children can be saved by proper hand washing with soap.”

Source; Guardian Newspapers.